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Government Of Assam Guwahati Development Department Guwahati Metropolitan Development Authority

Disaster Management Plan

It can be easily observed that the city of Guwahati suffers from vulnerability with respect to a number of hazards. For example:

  • The built-in areas on the flood-plains of the rivers and streams are prone to conventional/ riverine floods and erosion.
  • The inhabited low-lying area and areas with poor drainage system are vulnerable to water-logging/ artificial/ urban floods.
  • The haphazard habitations in the hill-side without caring for soil retention are vulnerable to landslides.
  • The flat roofed Assam Type and thatched houses are vulnerable to storms and cyclones.
  • The badly constructed RCC/ brick buildings in the city are vulnerable to earthquakes (as their fragile structures are more likely to disintegrate with the violent ground shaking of an earthquake) – the city as a whole being prone to earthquakes.
  • The streets of the city being narrow at lots of places, the city is vulnerable to huge damage due to any case of accidental fire – because fire brigades would not be able to approach affected areas easily.

Likely Disasters

Considering the vulnerability of the city to different hazards, as well as the probability of occurrence of such hazards, the disasters likely to strike Guwahati may be noted as follows:

  • Riverine Floods (Natural Disaster)
  • Areal Floods (Natural Disaster)
  • Storms (Natural Disaster)
  • Tropical Cyclones (Natural Disaster)
  • Erosion (Natural Disaster)
  • Landslides (Natural Disaster)
  • Earthquakes (Natural Disaster)
  • Fire (Artificial Disaster)
  • Industrial Accident (Artificial Disaster)
  • Terrorist Attack (Artificial Disaster)

Role of GMDA

Prior to any actual disaster, GMDA is responsible for undertaking and coordinating various short-term, mid-term and long-term measures to mitigate the effect of the disaster [and attempt to eliminate the occurrence of that disaster altogether]. Besides, it is also responsible along with ASDMA, NESAC and the District Administration to establish a Flood Early Warning System [FLEWS] or similar prediction/ preparedness system for other disasters as per the relevant NDMA guidelines.

During the disaster, GMDA is responsible to coordinate the implementation of the mitigation measures [e.g. running of pumps during floods] – in association with the line department concerned [e.g. Water Resources Deptt. of the Govt. of Assam in the instant case].

After the disaster, GMDA has to assess new measures for disaster mitigation.

Coordination Committee

The Guwahati Development Department with its two component organizations – GMDA and GMC – are at the forefront of disaster management in the city of Guwahati in conjunction with the District Disaster Management Authority  of Kamrup (Metropolitan) District. In order to achieve better co-ordination during disasters, the DDMA of Kamrup (M) has formed a Co-ordination Committee with the following members.

S. N.DesignationStatus
1Deputy Commissioner, Kamrup (Metro)
& Chairman (DDMA)
2CEO (GMDA)Member
Guwahati Municipal Corporation
4ADC cum CEO (DDMA), Kamrup (Metro)Convenor & Secretary
5SSP, Guwahati CityMember
6SP (Traffic), Guwahati CityMember
7ADC (Development), Kamrup (Metro)Member
81 representative from
Guwahati Development Department
9DIPRO, Kamrup (Metro)Member
10Joint Director of Health Services,
Kamrup (Metro)
11Divisional Forest Officer (Territorial),
Kamrup East Division
12Divisional Officer (Soil Conservation),
Kamrup (Metro) Division
13Executive Engineers/ District Heads of
the Engineering Depts in Kamrup (Metro):
viz. PWD (Roads), PWD (Buildings),
PWD (Mechanical), PWD (NH), PHE,
Water Resources (Civil) & (Mechanical)
14Project Officer, DDMA, Kamrup (Metro)Member

The Disaster Management Plan

To download the Disaster Management Plan, Click on the Cover